What are the four types of negotiable instruments?

01/03/2020 Off By admin

What are the four types of negotiable instruments?

There are many types of negotiable instruments. The common ones include personal checks, traveler’s checks, promissory notes, certificates of deposit, and money orders.

What is commercial negotiable instrument?

Commercial instruments are negotiable instruments incorporating rights for payment of a specified amount of money. They are issued and negotiated on the basis and with the purpose of performing an obligation that can be performed by payment of a certain amount of money. Hence, they are used as a substitute for money.

What are the two basic types of negotiable instruments?

Negotiable instruments include two main types: an order to pay (encompasses drafts and checks) and promises to pay (promissory notes and CD’s). The instruments can also be classified as demand instruments or time instruments. Thus there are four types of negotiable instruments.

What are the elements of negotiable instruments?

When dealing with negotiable instruments, below are eight requirements to keep in mind:

  • Must be in writing.
  • Must be signed by the maker or drawer.
  • Must be a definite order or promise to pay.
  • Must be unconditional.
  • Must be an order or promise to pay a sum certain.
  • Must be payable in money.

What are the types of commercial instruments?

This Article, enumerating the types of commercial instruments states “Bills of exchange, promissory notes, cheques, traveler’s cheques and warehouse goods deposit certificates” shall be considered as commercial instruments under the code.

What are the commercial instruments?

The term, commercial instruments, is used in this discussion to include all bills of exchange, promissory notes and other like instru- ments falling within the custom of merchants.

What is negotiable instrument in simple words?

A negotiable instrument is a signed document that promises a sum of payment to a specified person or the assignee. In other words, it is a formalized type of IOU: A transferable, signed document that promises to pay the bearer a sum of money at a future date or on-demand.

What are the five elements of negotiable instruments?

To be negotiable, an instrument must meet the following requirements: It must (1) be in writing, (2) be signed by the maker or drawer, (3) contain an unconditional promise or order to pay, (4) state a fixed amount of money, (5) be payable on demand (or at sight) or at a definite time, (6) be payable to order or to …

What is the difference between negotiable instrument and cash?

Cash is more liquid than negotiable instruments, as cash makes the transactions instantaneous. Negotiable instruments are transferable documents that guarantee cash payments either on demand or at a future time.

What does it mean to endorse a negotiable instrument?

When holder signs the instrument with an intention to negotiate it, it is called an endorsement. A simple signature of the holder on a negotiable instrument without any additional word constitutes an endorsement. The endorsement confers the property in the instrument to the endorsee (transferee) with the right of further negotiation.

Who are the parties to negotiable instrument?

Parties to the negotiable instruments. Various common parties to the negotiable instruments 1. Maker: the person who signs the promissory notes. 2. Drawer: the maker of the Bill of Exchange or a Cheque is called Drawer. 3. Drawee: the person who is directed to pay. 4. Payee: the person who will receive the money.

Is a currency note a negotiable instrument?

Types of Negotiable Instruments Currencies. Currencies, i.e., Bank Notes and Coins, are a very common type of Negotiable Instruments which we all use in our daily life as a medium of exchange Cheques. The Cheques are the substitute of the currencies and a very safe mode of transfer of payments among the merchants. Promissory Notes. Bills of Exchanges. Bearer Bonds.