What does femur mean?
What does femur mean?
1 : the proximal bone of the hind or lower limb that extends from the hip to the knee. — called also thighbone. 2 : the segment of an insect’s leg that is third from the body.
What is the scientific word of femur?
Femur, also called thighbone, upper bone of the leg or hind leg.
Why is the femur called a femur?
The femur is the largest bone in the human body. It is commonly known as the thigh bone (femur is Latin for thigh) and reaches from the hip to the knee.
Is tibia a Latin word?
tibia (n.) lower leg bone, 1726, from Latin tibia “shinbone,” also “pipe, flute” (originally one of bone), in which sense it originally came into English (1540s). The Latin plural is tibiæ.
What is the function of femur?
The femur is the longest, heaviest, and strongest bone in the human body. The main function of the femur is weight bearing and stability of gait. An essential component of the lower kinetic chain. The upper body’s weight sits on the 2 femoral heads.
What does femur length mean?
Femur length (FL) Measures the longest bone in the body and reflects the longitudinal growth of the fetus. Its usefulness is similar to the BPD. It increases from about 1.5 cm at 14 weeks to about 7.8 cm at term.
How painful is a broken femur?
A femoral shaft fracture usually causes immediate, severe pain. You will not be able to put weight on the injured leg, and it may look deformed—shorter than the other leg and no longer straight.
What is the main function of femur?
Where is Pretibial?
pre·tib·i·al (prē-tib’ē-ăl), Relating to the anterior portion of the leg; denoting especially certain muscles.
What is femur derived from?
Development. The femur develops from the limb buds as a result of interactions between the ectoderm and the underlying mesoderm, formation occurs roughly around the fourth week of development. By the sixth week of development, the first hyaline cartilage model of the femur is formed by chondrocytes.
What if femur length is short?
Fetuses with shorter-than-expected femur length have been found to be at higher risk for skeletal dysplasia, otherwise known as dwarfism. 2 This is different from short stature, which is a height that is three or more standard deviations below the mean for age but is proportional.