What is a central line infection called?

01/29/2020 Off By admin

What is a central line infection called?

A central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is a serious infection that occurs when germs (usually bacteria or viruses) enter the bloodstream through the central line.

What is a catheter related bloodstream infection?

INTRODUCTION. Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is defined as the presence of bacteremia originating from an intravenous catheter. It is one of the most frequent, lethal, and costly complications of central venous catheterization and also the most common cause of nosocomial bacteremia.

What is the protocol for preventing central line associated bloodstream infections?

Use only sterile devices to access catheters. Immediately replace dressings that are wet, soiled, or dislodged. Perform routine dressing changes using aseptic technique with clean or sterile gloves. Change gauze dressings at least every two days or semipermeable dressings at least every seven days.

Which patient meets the criteria for a laboratory confirmed bloodstream infection?

Laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection (LCBI) Criterion 1: Patient has a recognized pathogen cultured from one or more blood cultures and organism cultured from blood is not related to an infection at another site.

Which type of bacteria are the most common cause of a catheter related bloodstream infection?

The leading causes of CRBSI in descending order of frequency are staphylococci (both Staphylococcus aureus and the coagulase-negative staphylococci), enterococci, aerobic Gram-negative bacilli and yeast. When aerobic Gram-negative bacilli are assessed as a group, their frequency follows that of the staphylococci.

What percentage of central line bloodstream infections result in death?

Nearly one in every 20 hospitalized patients in the United States each year acquires an HAI. Central line–associated blood-stream infections (CLABSIs) are one of the most deadly types of HAIs, with a mortality rate of 12%–25% (2).

What causes central line infections?

Central line infections are often caused by skin bacteria from a patient or caregiver. The skin forms a protective barrier to help keep germs from entering the body.

How common are central line infections?

An estimated 250,000 bloodstream infections occur annually, and most are related to the presence of intravascular devices. In the United States, the CLABSI rate in intensive care units (ICU) is estimated to be 0.8 per 1000 central line days.