# What is an open list election?

## What is an open list election?

Open list describes any variant of party-list proportional representation where voters have at least some influence on the order in which a party’s candidates are elected. Additionally, an open list system allows voters to select individuals rather than parties.

## What is open and closed list?

Closed list describes the variant of party-list proportional representation where voters can (effectively) only vote for political parties as a whole, and thus have no influence on the party-supplied order in which party candidates are elected. If voters have at least some influence, then it is called an open list.

What is a safe seat in politics?

A safe seat is an electoral district (constituency) in a legislative body (e.g. Congress, Parliament, City Council) which is regarded as fully secure, for either a certain political party, or the incumbent representative personally or a combination of both.

### What is bypoll election India?

A by-election, also known as a special election in the United States and the Philippines, or a bypoll in India, is an election used to fill an office that has become vacant between general elections.

### How does list voting work?

An election by list is an electoral system of political representatives by which the electors of an area vote for lists of candidates. If the system is an election by majority (absolute or relative), the list that win get all or a part of the representatives for that area. The system can be with one or two rounds.

How does a two round system work?

The two-round system, also known as the second ballot, runoff voting, or ballotage, is a voting method used to elect a single candidate, where voters cast a single vote for their preferred candidate. Any remaining candidate is free to withdraw from the second round.

## What is open and closed list in AI?

Open list performs that for you and tells you what is actually the next node to be expand. And the algorithm only clarify the order of child insertion into the list. And Closed list generally improves the speed of algorithm. In AI algorithms usually you are facing problems that they have many waste branches.

## What is an open list in programming?

Metric space A subset U of a metric space (M, d) is called open if, given any point x in U, there exists a real number ε > 0 such that, given any point. satisfying d(x, y) < ε, y also belongs to U. Equivalently, U is open if every point in U has a neighborhood contained in U.

How many seats are needed to form a government?

For a political party to form the government, they must have a majority of elected MPs. Since there are 543 elected (plus 2 Anglo-Indian nominated) members in Lok Sabha, to have a majority a party should have at least half the number i.e. 272 members or more.

### What does Incumbent mean in voting?

The incumbent is the current holder of an office or position, usually in relation to an election. For example, in an election for president, the incumbent is the person holding or acting in the office of president before the election, whether seeking re-election or not.

### Which state has election in 2020 in India?

Legislative assembly elections

Date State/UT Government after
8 February 2020 Delhi Aam Aadmi Party
28 October 2020, 3 & 7 November 2020 Bihar Bharatiya Janata Party
Janata Dal (United)
Hindustani Awam Morcha

What is by election Class 9 Ncert?

Sometimes elections are held only for one constituency to fill the vacancy caused by death or resignation of a member. This is called a By-Election. India is divided into different areas for the purpose of elections. These areas are called electoral constituencies.