What is iodoacetamide used for?

09/11/2019 Off By admin

What is iodoacetamide used for?

Iodoacetamide is a sulfhydryl-reactive alkylating reagent used to block reduced cysteine residues for protein characterization and peptide mapping. Alkylation with iodoacetamide after cystine reduction results in the covalent addition of a carbamidomethyl group (57.07 Da) and prevents the formation of disulfide bonds.

How do you quench iodoacetamide?

Quench unreacted iodoacetamide by adding 0.5 M DTT to additional 5 mM and incubating 15 min at room temperature in the dark.

Does TCEP react with iodoacetamide?

Unlike DTT and other commonly used reductants, the TCEP does not compete with the alkylation reagent iodoacetamide. The kit is supplied with a proprietary Reductant Buffer necessary for an efficient reduction of disulfide bonds while minimizing re-oxidation of the competing thiol pairs in protein samples.

What is the need to do alkylation after reduction?

After the reduction, the alkylation follows to stabilize free sulfhydryl groups. Several alkylating reagents have been commonly used, including iodoacetamide, acrylamide, N-EM, and 4-VP.

Is Iodoacetamide reversible?

Iodoacetamide is an irreversible inhibitor of all cysteine peptidases, with the mechanism of inhibition occurring from alkylation of the catalytic cysteine residue (see schematic).

What does DTT react with?

DTT is highly soluble in water (clear solution, OD<0.05 at 0.02M), but also in ethanol, chloroform, ether and ethyl acetate. DTT participates to disulfide exchange reaction that drives its major applications. In example DTT is used typically at 1-10mM for protein SS reduction. It readily crosses biological membranes.

How do you make iodoacetamide solution?

Iodoacetamide An iodoacetamide solution should be made fresh just prior to use. Resuspend the contents of one vial of Catalog Number with 0.6 ml of ultrapure water. Mix well until the entire solid has dissolved. This will make a 0.5 M stock solution.

Is Iodoacetamide soluble in water?


Sensitivity Light sensitive
Solubility Information Soluble in water,dimethyl formamide and ethanol. Slightly soluble in methanol.
Formula Weight 184.96
Percent Purity 98%
Chemical Name or Material Iodoacetamide, stabilized with ≈5 to 8% water

What is reduction and alkylation?

The staining and destaining of gels is often followed by the reduction and alkylation (r&a) of the cystines or cysteines in the proteins. Reduction and alkylation of cysteine residues improves peptide yield and sequence coverage and the identification of proteins with a high number of disulfide bonds.

Is iodoacetic acid weak or strong?

Answer: bond polarity is what matters here, so fluoroacetic acid is the strongest, iodoacetic acid the weakest. For any temperature, pure water is neutral ([OH–] = [H+]) but the concentrations vary slightly which is reflected in Kw.

Can iodoacetic acid denature protein?

Explanation: Iodoacetic acid, an alkylating agent cannot denature protein.