# What is the burden of a transformer?

## What is the burden of a transformer?

Burden of CT can be specified as Volt-Ampere absorbed at certain Power Factor i.e the VA that can be consumed by the load. The burden can also be expressed as total Impedance in terms of ohms connected on secondary of CT i.e. pilot conductor and instrument burden (I2 x R=VA). There are 2 types of CT.

What is the load for potential transformer?

Since the voltmeters and potential coils of other meters have high impedance, a small current flows through the secondary of PT. Therefore, PT behaves as an ordinary two winding transformer operating on no load. Due to this low load (or burden) on the PT, the VA ratings of PTs are low and in the range of 50 to 200 VA.

What is a burden resistor in current transformers?

A current transformer is a device that produces a reduced current in its secondary winding accurately proportional to the current flowing in its primary winding. The secondary (output) current flows into the secondary load, usually called the burden resistor.

### How do you calculate relay burden?

Relay burden = 2 For 20 times rated secondary current, i.e., 100A Secondary voltage = 100 x (2 + 0.61) = 261 Volts which is less than knee point of the CT. Since this voltage is less than 400V, from electrical perspective, linearity will not be lost at even higher currents.

Why Pt burden is more than CT burden?

Also Potential transformers are higher in cost as compare with the current transformer. The cost will be reduced as the burden increases, instead of that if we go for New potential transformer for feature loads we have to install additional PTs.

Which of the following transformer is smallest?

From the given options, at 2 kVA 700 Hz transformer is smallest.

#### Why do we use potential transformers?

A Potential transformer is actually a instrument transformer that used in power systems to step down primary current voltages and secondary voltages from a higher level to lower secondary potential output voltage level.

What is potential transformer working principle?

The working principle of a potential transformer mainly depends on mutual induction. The primary and secondary winding of the transformer are electrically insulated from each other but magnetically interconnected through the minimal reluctance path of the core.

What are the advantages of current transformer?

• Measures high currents.
• High effective cores.
• High electrical isolation.
• Simple construction.
• Easy supply and control functions.
• Effective measurements.
• Clamp-on types.
• Easy maintenance and installation.

## Does current transformer affect voltage?

A transformer whose primary coil has more turns than its secondary coil is called a step-down transformer because it reduces voltage — that is, the voltage at the secondary coil is less than the voltage at the primary coil. Since the power must stay the same, if the voltage increases, the current must decrease.

Which is called Rated burden of relay?

Explanation: Since burden is resistive element so it will always absorb power. This power is absorbed by relay circuit and is used to trip the circuit breaker. It is measured in V A (Volt – Ampere).

What is the meaning of burden in relay?

The total resistance of the secondary circuit of CT known as a burden is the sum of resistances of CT secondary winding,connecting wires(lead resistance) and the resistance of the relay/meter.